How to Physically Prevent Lower Back Injuries By Tony Lake
Research studies have pointed that between 40-60 percent of all recreational golfers will incur a lower back injury at some point in their playing careers. These studies have also determined why this is such a high number.
This number largely centers upon the biomechanics of the golf swing. The actual swinging of a golf club places stress upon the lower back. The amount of stress is dependent upon the efficiency at which the biomechanics of the golf swing are performed. Inefficient mechanics require the muscles of the lower back to work harder to execute the golf swing. This results in fatigue of these muscles over time, and once muscles become fatigued, injury is a short step away.
All of these research studies point to the first step in preventing lower back injuries, and that is the development of more efficient golf swing mechanics. This results in less stress being placed upon the lower back from the golf swing, reducing the possibility of fatigue and injury.
A second component exists that can assist the amateur or professional golfer in preventing lower back injuries.
The golf swing is a repetitive biomechanical movement. Meaning the golfer executes the swing over and over again during a practice session or round. This requires the same muscles to fire in order to execute the golf swing. Over time, when the body continues to perform the same movement over and over again the muscles involved in the action become fatigued. Once this occurs the possibility of injury from fatigued increases dramatically.
To counter act the fatigue caused by the repetitive movement of the golf swing, it is advisable to implement a golf specific strength and conditioning program. This type of program will increase the strength and endurance capacities of the muscles involved in the golf swing. This will allow you to execute the golf swing over and over again successfully, without fatigue, reducing the chance of an injury to your lower back.
To review we have two components to assist in the prevention of lower back injuries from the golf swing. Number one is the development of more efficient swing mechanics, which will place less stress on the lower back. Number two is the introduction of a golf fitness program. Over time you will develop the required levels of strength and endurance to execute the golf swing without fatigue.
Head Golf Professional at Stratton Mountain Country Club